After the successful sale of your property, you will be faced with how much money you will need to pay your Uncle Sam (the government). There is a great advantage if the property was your residence:
Whether you’ll pay taxes—and if so, how much—depends on how long you’ve been in your home. If you’ve lived there for at least two of the last five years, you can pocket up to $250,000 in profits tax-free; $500,000 for couples filing jointly. Anything over that, you’ll pay capital gains taxes.
For assets owned less than a year, you’ll pay taxes at your regular tax rate. Long-term gains are taxed depending on your income; nothing up to $72,500 (couples), 15% up to $450,000, above that it’s 20%.
To calculate your gain, first subtract selling expenses
, such as agent commissions
and other closing costs
, from the sale price. Then you need to calculate your “basis”. This is what you paid for your home, plus some of the closing expenses from the purchase, such as title insurance and recording fees (but not loan points or lender fees), and the costs of any permanent improvements, like a swimming pool
or new addition. See IRS Publication 523 for complete details.
If a property has been an investment and you have taken advantage of depreciation and expenses to offset any income, the government has a calculation for repayment of a portion of this amount.
The hard part, with any money left after immediate cash needs, is to have your lump sum keep up with inflation. Percentages paid by most bank accounts will not add up to any amounts that could be used in any meaningful way. Conversely, earning returns on an owner financed sale will eclipse bank account rates many times over. The tax implications from an owner financed sale will need a consultation with a tax professional. The tax gain will be influence by timing and your overall financial situation.
In conclusion, selling your property creates a taxable event. The type of sale that takes place will have pros and cons with regard to the tax burden. Financing your equity to a purchaser has the potential to out perform interest rates currently paid by banks and other financial institutions.